Luther’s Sola Scriptura Part 3: Sufficiency

Throughout Luther’s attacks on Roman doctrine, he makes his primary appeals to Scripture, enlisting the Father’s support only to show his ideas were not novel. In stark contrast, as exemplified by the Papal Bulls, his opponents considered the Fathers and Councils to be additional sources for doctrine alongside the authoritative Scriptures. Of the errors condemned … Continue reading Luther’s Sola Scriptura Part 3: Sufficiency

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Luther Against the Neo-Orthodox on Inerrancy

Many modern interpreters debate Luther’s doctrine of inerrancy: they argue that Luther held a position later associated with Neo-orthodoxy (e.g., Karl Barth). Luther, it is said, did not hold to a view of verbal-plenary inspiration nor of an inerrant text. For Luther, it is claimed, the form of Scripture was not inerrant and authoritative: inerrancy … Continue reading Luther Against the Neo-Orthodox on Inerrancy

Luther’s Sola Scriptura Part 1 – Inerrancy and Authority

In the controversy that followed the posting of Luther’s 95 theses in 1517, it is readily apparent Luther and his opponents are vast distances from one another on the question of interpretive authority. Luther’s opponents agreed with him on the infallibility or inerrancy of Scripture (the nature of being free from error) and its authority, … Continue reading Luther’s Sola Scriptura Part 1 – Inerrancy and Authority

A Critical Review of Dempster’s Dominion and Dynasty

Dempster’s attempt to read the whole Bible literarily fails to consider what the OT is and the contribution its nature and structure make to the question of the OT’s unity. By seeking the unity of the OT in a narrative plot unpacking the themes of dominion and dynasty, Dempster forces the OT into a procrustean … Continue reading A Critical Review of Dempster’s Dominion and Dynasty

Luther’s Hermeneutic

Central to Luther's doctrine of Scripture was the claim that Scripture was clear; from this doctrine of the clarity (or perspicuity) of Scripture came Luther's method of interpretation (or hermeneutic). Because the clarity of Scripture is a property of the text itself on account of God’s authorship, Luther’s primary hermeneutical approach is prayerful mediation upon … Continue reading Luther’s Hermeneutic

Some Thoughts on Philip Schaff’s The Principle of Protestantism

In part one of his book the Principle of Protestantism, Philip Schaff sketches the two-sided (material and formal) principle he sees to be the essential positive element of the Reformation; that is, the progressive element the Reformation contributed to the evolution of the Catholic Church. The second part addresses the relation of this principle to … Continue reading Some Thoughts on Philip Schaff’s The Principle of Protestantism

Some Thoughts on Braaten and Jenson, The Catholicity of the Reformation

In the section Structures of Authority in his essay, The Problem of Authority in the Church, Carl E. Braaten argues that the Reformation was catholic in the way it viewed the relationship between Scripture and the church. Braaten argues beforehand that the church needs a way to identify and denounce heresy; to do so there … Continue reading Some Thoughts on Braaten and Jenson, The Catholicity of the Reformation

Luther’s Sola Scriptura

In 2017, the 500th anniversary of the Reformation, many are quick to pledge support to Luther and the Reformer's doctrine of Scripture--Sola Scriptura--or to decry and deny it, yet the discussions concerning this doctrine reveal that not everyone knows what Sola Scriptura actually meant. What we need is a proper understanding of what Sola Scriptura … Continue reading Luther’s Sola Scriptura

CONVINCED OF BETTER THINGS: AN EXPOSITION OF HEBREWS 6:1-12

Hebrews 6 has proved to be a contensious passage in the history of exegesis and theology: the strong warning issued in this passage has proved to be the battleground for many soteriological debates. In this paper, I argue that the passage, interpreted within the compatibilist worldview of the Bible, holds together the same tension found … Continue reading CONVINCED OF BETTER THINGS: AN EXPOSITION OF HEBREWS 6:1-12

Coming on the Clouds of Heaven: An Investigation into the Nature of Our Lord’s Return in Contrast with the Doctrine of the Rapture

In this paper I argue against the dispensational bifurcation of Christ's return, which posits a rapture and then the second coming , through a close reading of three major texts (Matthew 24, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians) and various other key texts in interation with these. I conclude that, according to the New Testament, Christ will … Continue reading Coming on the Clouds of Heaven: An Investigation into the Nature of Our Lord’s Return in Contrast with the Doctrine of the Rapture